For a long time now experts on energetic materials and munitions have been using experimental tests to evaluate the vulnerability of such materials or munitions, or at least their sensitivity to various stimuli.
Les problèmes de sécurité des munitions sont traité depuis longtemps au sein d'instances internationales, jusqu'au niveau de l'ONU, où l'on se préoccupe de définir à l'échelle mondiale des classes de risque pour le transport des matières dangereuses.
Issues related to munition safety have been dealt with for many years within international organizations, up to the level of the UN, which endeavors to define worldwide hazard divisions concerning the transportation of dangerous goods.
The concept of less-sensitive-but-just-as-efficient munitions (and not-more-expensive if possible) appeared in the 1980s in different countries with different names, essentially in the US as a follow-on to severe accidents in the US Navy.
In the characterization process of an explosive, there is a certain tendency to use the detonation velocity D as the main parameter because it is easier to measure than the detonation pressure or energy, whereas the main quality generally required is a high release of mechanical energy during the
Safety testing is generally done on very small numbers of munitions for reasons of cost. Therefore, obtaining high levels of confidence as the result of testing requires to design highly informative and reliable tests and to organize them into rational and cost-effective test programs.
Durant des siècles, les accidents dû au stockage, au transport et à la mise en œuvre de munitions ont été considérés comme la conséquence inévitable de la nature de ces munitions, de même que l'on acceptait un constant accroissement de la sensibilité des matières énergétiques comme la contreparti
Munitions are generally used to attack various types of targets. However, they can also be targets by themselves when attacked by other munitions (e.g. bullets) or by their warheads (e.g. shell fragments or shaped charge jets).