Samarium, europium, thulium and ytterbium merit consideration as high dense flare fuels. The metals exhibit a luminous combustion plume in reaction with both oxygen based and halocarbon oxidizers. Pyrolants have been prepared and investigated.
Dr Ernst-Christian Koch (Energetic Materials)Volker Weiser, Evelin Roth, Stefan Kelzenberg, Fraunhofer Institut für Chemische Technologie, Pfinztal, Germany
In many cases countermeasure flares are applied in high altitudes with air pressure of less than 10 kPa. Also under such conditions the flare compositions aim to intensive emission and high temperatures.
Dr Ernst-Christian Koch (Energetic Materials)V. Weiser, E. Roth, S. Knapp, A. Raab, Fraunhofer Institut für Chemische Technologie ICT, Pfinztal, Germany
The present report summarizes the adiabatic equilibrium composition and combustion temperature for the following energetic materials: black powder, Magnesium/Teflon/Viton, red Bengal flare composition, spectral flare composition, Al/MoO3-thermite, M 30 gun propellant at various pressures ranging
Since the 1990s a large number of insensitive energetic materials have been under consideration for insensitive munitions purposes. After the landmark paper by Doherty and Simpson , new candidate materials have entered the field and others have vanished for different reasons.
Dr Ernst-Christian Koch (Energetic Materials) Dr Pierre-François Péron (Warhead Technology)
Infrared decoy flares serve the protection of aerial platforms such as helicopters, fixed wing and jet propelled planes against infrared guided air-to-air and surface-to-air missiles [1-3]. These flares are jettonised from the craft at high speed and upon combustion develop a strong infrare
Dr Ernst-Christian Koch (Energetic Materials) Thomas M. Klapötke, University of Munich Arno Hahma, Diehl BGT Defence GmbH & Co. KG Henrik Radies, University of MunichSusanne Scheutzow, University of Munich