MSAS is a complex tool. This user manual is not a guide but gives a brief explanation on how to use MSAS. The users will have to spend some time finding their own way through it and learn by experience.
The objective of this document is to provide TEMPER users with a tutorial reviewing the main features of TEMPER v2.0. The first section is devoted to the description of the successive steps in a TEMPER simulation.
To assist the Insensitive Munitions (IM) development community, the NATO Munitions Safety Information Analysis Center (MSIAC) has created three Excel databases that compile available munition responses to bullet impact (BI), fragment impact (FI) and sympathetic reaction (SR) stimuli.
TEMPER is distributed in both a user version as an executable and in an open-source version to add new models or modify existing ones. This opportunity to have multiple TEMPER developers was taken into account early on in the code structure.
TEMPER, an acronym for Toolbox for Engineering Models to Predict Explosive Reactions, is a "toolbox" of empirical and analytical models dedicated to ammunition safety. Experts can use it in order to aid in the prediction of the response of a munition to a mechanical or a thermal threat.
Dr Pierre-François Péron (Warhead Technology)Emmanuel Lapébie and Gérard Baudin, CEG Gramat, FranceFrédéric Peugeot, NAMSA, Luxembourg
One of the potential threats identified in NATO STANAG 4439, Policy for Introduction, Assessment and Testing for Insensitive Munitions, is Fragmenting Munition Attack, or Fragment Impact as it is more commonly known.
Michael Fisher (Propulsion Technology) Frédéric Peugeot (Warhead Technology)& Updated by Pierre Archambault (Propulsion Technology)
The main objective of this document is to provide background and detailed information about sympathetic reaction phenomenology, relevant analytical models, parameters and key issues required to predict the response of a warhead subjected to the detonation of a donor.