During the 2018 MSIAC Improved Explosives and Munitions Risk Management (IEMRM) workshop, it was recognized by the community that low violence reaction types such as a burn on one side, and high violence reactions such as detonations on the other side, are relatively well understood.
An increasing number of munitions now show less violent responses than detonation in cook off or impact scenarios. The detonation of a warhead typically leads to well reproducible fragmentation effects.
Rocket motors are designed to propel payloads to their final destination by ejecting hot gases through a nozzle. The gases are produced by combustion of fuel and oxidizers, which can be separated (hybrid combustion) or mixed with each other (gun propellant, propellant grain).
When dealing with energetic materials, TNT Equivalency is commonly used for different purposes. For scientific purposes, it is a means to compare the explosive effects delivered by different energetic compositions, by expressing them in terms of an equivalent TNT detonation.