Defects in energetic materials are relatively common and can have a significant impact on the safety and reliability of munitions, yet there is a lack of clarity in the use of terminology for describing and classifying these defects.
Dr. Matthew ANDREWS (MSIAC)Dr. Kevin JAANSALU (MSIAC)Matt FERRAN (MSIAC)Aurihona WOLFF (ENSTA Bretagne)
This document is to serve as a background resource for the broad array of interactions that electromagnetic radiation may have with energetic materials. The ranges of interest are microwave radiation and terahertz (THz) radiation.
Defects in energetic materials or munitions can alter their safety and performance characteristics, potentially leading to failure and causing serious damage to military equipment and injury to service personnel and the public.
Mr. Rodrigue Barlerin (ENSTA Bretagne)Dr. Kevin M. Jaansalu (MSIAC)Dr. Matthew Andrews (MSIAC)Mr. Matthew Ferran (MSIAC)
Following many discussions and multiple iterations over two years, MSIAC has produced a largely self-consistent taxonomy and lexicon of terms related to defects in energetic materials and munition systems, based on the paradigm of materials science and engineering.
Matt Ferran (MSIAC)Dr. Matt Andrews (MSIAC)Dr. Kevin Jaansalu (MSIAC)Aurihona Wolff (ENSTA Bretagne)
MSIAC maintains a Hazard Classification (HC) database for Ammunition and Explosives (AE) with 16 contributing nations. Governmental personnel from MSIAC member nations are able to access the data through the MSIAC secure website.
Martijn VAN DER VOORTChristelle COLLETMatthew FERRAN
Accidental initiation of munitions via the heating of bridgewires by radiofrequency (RF) radiation (i.e. HERO) is well understood; far less work has been undertaken to determine how bulk energetic materials (cased or uncased) directly respond to exposure to RF radiation.
Defects in energetic materials or in other materials used in munitions systems are often a cause for concern. This includes voids, cracks, and foreign materials, as well as chemical, physical and or mechanical properties that are outside design tolerance specifications.
Matt FERRAN (MSIAC)Dr. Matt ANDREWS (MSIAC)Dr. Kevin JAANSALU (MSIAC)Dr. Michael SHARP (MSIAC)
The NATO Munitions Safety Information Analysis Center (MSIAC) is a multinational collaboration that collects, stores, and analyses technical information related to Munitions Safety (MS) and Insensitive Munitions (IM).
Dr. Ernest L. BakerMartin van der VoortMartin Pope