Infrared decoy flares serve the protection of aerial platforms such as helicopters, fixed wing and jet propelled planes against infrared guided air-to-air and surface-to-air missiles [1-3]. These flares are jettonised from the craft at high speed and upon combustion develop a strong infrare
Dr Ernst-Christian Koch (Energetic Materials) Thomas M. Klapötke, University of Munich Arno Hahma, Diehl BGT Defence GmbH & Co. KG Henrik Radies, University of MunichSusanne Scheutzow, University of Munich
Fuel-air mixtures are powerful volumetric explosives (FAE) that were developed at the end of World War II. FAE may virtually use any particulate combustible such as cornstarch powder, metal powders, liquid hydrocarbons or boron hydrides and any type of combustible gases.
In view of the predictive capabilities of CHEETAH 2.0 code  and the current demand for powerful but also less sensitive explosive molecules, it was considered to screen the theoretical performance of a number of nitro and mixed nitro-amino substituted borazene, borazine, and iminoborane type
Since the 1990’s a large number of insensitive energetic materials have been under consideration for insensitive munitions purposes, which includes some known since the late 19th century, such as TATB  and nitroguanidine . Others, however, have only recently been developed.
MSAS is a library of NATO STANAGs and APs (Allied Publications), other international standards, national standards, international treaties and laws related to munitions and particularly munitions safety. MSAS also contains information on the NATO bodies working on these issues
Vebjörn Hanssen (NO) (Now with Defence System Management Division, Norway)Patrick Touzé (Project Manager) Angeline Liekens (Information Specialist)
To ensure the safety in handling and application of explosive materials it is of interest to synthesize compounds with high performance but low sensitivity. Predicting the sensitivity of explosives e.g.
This report summarizes theoretical and experimental data gathered from the public domain on the insensitive explosive 2,6-diamino-3,5-dinitro-1,4-pyrazine-1-oxide, ANPZO, which is most often also referred to as LLM-105.
Nanoscale explosive particles like RDX, HMX, TATB, PETN, HNS and NTO show a distinct reduction in impact and shock sensitivity compared to micron sized particles. A reduction of the melting point of many explosives is seen upon introduction of nanosized particles.
Dr Ernst-Christian Koch (Energetic Materials)Dirk Schaffner (Trainee) Technical University of Kaiserslautern, Germany