In view of the predictive capabilities of CHEETAH 2.0 code  and the current demand for powerful but also less sensitive explosive molecules, it was considered to screen the theoretical performance of a number of nitro and mixed nitro-amino substituted borazene, borazine, and iminoborane type
Since the 1990’s a large number of insensitive energetic materials have been under consideration for insensitive munitions purposes, which includes some known since the late 19th century, such as TATB  and nitroguanidine . Others, however, have only recently been developed.
MSAS is a library of NATO STANAGs and APs (Allied Publications), other international standards, national standards, international treaties and laws related to munitions and particularly munitions safety. MSAS also contains information on the NATO bodies working on these issues
Vebjörn Hanssen (NO) (Now with Defence System Management Division, Norway)Patrick Touzé (Project Manager) Angeline Liekens (Information Specialist)
To ensure the safety in handling and application of explosive materials it is of interest to synthesize compounds with high performance but low sensitivity. Predicting the sensitivity of explosives e.g.
This report summarizes theoretical and experimental data gathered from the public domain on the insensitive explosive 2,6-diamino-3,5-dinitro-1,4-pyrazine-1-oxide, ANPZO, which is most often also referred to as LLM-105.
Nanoscale explosive particles like RDX, HMX, TATB, PETN, HNS and NTO show a distinct reduction in impact and shock sensitivity compared to micron sized particles. A reduction of the melting point of many explosives is seen upon introduction of nanosized particles.
Dr Ernst-Christian Koch (Energetic Materials)Dirk Schaffner (Trainee) Technical University of Kaiserslautern, Germany
For clandestine signalling and illumination purposes in the near infrared range (0.7 – 1.0 µm) pyrotechnic compositions based on either potassium and/or cesium compounds are used that are based on the intense emission lines of both K and Cs in the infrared.
MSAS is a complex tool. This user manual is not a guide but gives a brief explanation on how to use MSAS. The users will have to spend some time finding their own way through it and learn by experience.